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Back Pain Gallery

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>> Back Pain

Introduction:
Back pain may be a cute pain ( generally defined as pain that last from few days to a few months ) and pain that persist for six months progressively leads to chronic state. Back pain may be mild or extreme, quick or constant. What raises your risk -- and what can you do about it? Learn about back pain's causes, risks, and prevention.


 

What Causes Back Pain?

The causes of back pain can be complex. Some causes of back pain include:-
1. Mechanical Causes Of Spinal Pain :
Intervertebral disc or disk
Facet joints 
Spinal stenosis 
Saraspinal muscles
Spondylosis and spondylolisthesis
Sacroiliac joint 

2. Non mechanical conditions
Osteoporosis
Fibromyalgia 
Referred pain from pelvis or abdomen

3. Rheumatic conditions 
Rheumatoid arthritis 
Rnkylosing spondylitis 
Myofascial pain 

4. The failed back syndrome
An imprecise term usually used to categorize a large group of patients who have undergone one or more operations on the lumbar spine without benefit.

5. Other causes
Trauma
Strain 
Tumours

The spine, or backbone, is made up of a column of 33 bones and tissue extending from the skull to the pelvis. These bones, or vertebrae, enclose and protect a cylinder of nerve tissues known as the spinal cord. Between each one of the vertebra is an intervertebral disk, or band of cartilage serving as a shock absorber between the vertebrae. The types of vertebrae are: 
* Cervical vertebrae: the seven vertebrae forming the upper part of the spine 
* Thoracic vertebrae: the 12 bones between the neck and the lower back 
* Lumbar vertebrae: the five largest and strongest vertebrae located in the lower back between the chest and hips 
* The sacrum and coccyx are the bones at the base of the spine. The sacrum is made up of five vertebrae fused together, while the coccyx (tailbone) is formed from four fused vertebrae.

What Increases Your Risk?

Low back pain is often triggered by some combination of overuse, muscle strain, or injury to the muscles and ligaments that support the spine. Less commonly, low back pain is caused by illness or spinal deformity. A risk factor is something that increases your chances of having back pain. More risk factors means you have a higher chance of having back pain.

Risk factors that you cannot change include:

* Being middle-aged or older.
* Being male.
* Having a family history of back pain.
* Having had a previous back injury.
* Being pregnant. A woman's back is significantly stressed by carrying a baby.
* Having had compression fractures of the spine.
* Having had previous back surgery.
* Having spine problems since birth (congenital spine problems).

Risk factors that you can change with lifestyle changes or medical treatment include:

* Not getting regular exercise.
* Doing a job or other activity that requires long periods of sitting, lifting heavy objects, bending or twisting, repetitive motions, or constant vibration, such as using a jackhammer or driving certain types of heavy equipment.
* Smoking. Smokers are more likely than nonsmokers to have low back pain.
* Being overweight. Excess body weight, especially around the waist, may put strain on your back, although this has not been proven. But being overweight often also means being in poor physical condition, with weaker muscles and less flexibility. These can lead to low back pain.
* Having poor posture. Slumping or slouching alone may not cause low back pain. But after the back has been strained or injured, bad posture can make pain worse. "Good posture" generally means your ears, shoulders, and hips are in a straight line. If this posture causes pain, you may have another condition such as a problem with a disc or bones in your back.
* Being under stress. Stress and other emotional factors are believed to play a major role in low back pain, particularly chronic low back pain. Many people unconsciously tighten their back muscles when they are under stress.
* Having long periods of depression.
* Using medicines long-term that weaken bones, such as corticosteroids.

Treatmeant

Back Pain Can Be Managed According To The Severity ,Duration And The Cause :
1. Medical Treatment Which Includes :
Muscle Relaxant, Ant-Inflamatory Medications, Opioids And Anticonvulsant And Antidepressant (Special Medications If Nerve Root Involvement Or Compression).

2. Interventional Procedures
Nerve Blocks 
Radiofrequency Procedures

3. Advance Interventional Procedures
High Frequency Neurostimulation
Spinal Cord Stimulator 
Intrathecal Pump Insertion

 
 
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